Skip directly to content


If you have recently been diagnosed with AF, or even if you have been diagnosed with AF for some time, you may find you have questions for your doctor, nurse, or another healthcare professional such as your local pharmacist, about the type of medication you have been prescribed.

NICE recommends that people at risk* of an AF-related stroke should be prescribed one of the following medicines which are known as anticoagulants:1, 2

  • Apixaban
  • Dabigatran
  • Edoxaban
  • Rivaroxaban
  • Warfarin

This means that you should be given a choice of one of these medicines, if your doctor believes that you need medicine to prevent a potential AF-related stroke. Not all of these medicines are appropriate for all patients or all types of AF, so you should discuss with your doctor which of them may be right for you.

NICE has also recommended that aspirin taken alone is inappropriate for the prevention of AF-related stroke.1

*People with AF may be at increased risk of blood clots. A stroke can happen if a blood vessel in the brain is blocked by a clot. NICE recommends that your healthcare professional should use risk scores to estimate your risk of stroke and risk of bleeding.3

If you have been diagnosed with AF and believe you have been prescribed aspirin in relation to your AF, you may wish to ask your doctor if this is still appropriate for you. However, do not stop taking any medication you have been prescribed without speaking to your doctor first.

The following questions have been prepared by our AF180 Degrees Campaign Steering Committee of expert healthcare professionals and patient advocates. These are compiled from the many questions that patients ask them but are the top questions that our experts feel should help you get the most from your conversation with your doctor about medication to prevent an AF-related stroke.

If you are the family member, carer, or friend of someone with AF, you may also want to ask these questions on behalf of the patient.